负责任的旅游业要求旅游导游，旅游经营者，政府，当地居民以及最重要的旅游者承担责任并采取行动，使旅游业更具可持续性。 它涉及对自然和动物以及对人类的尊重。 它仍然经常发生，我认为很少有游客知道它，但不幸的是，动物残忍在旅游业中非常普遍。 人们被野生动物迷住，愿意花大笔金钱去观察和与他们互动。 不幸的是，近距离接触的渴望会对我们非常喜欢的动物造成毁灭性的影响...... 具有讽刺意味的是，人们经常爱护和关心那些无意中支持对他们的虐待的动物，尤其是因为没有意识到实际发生的事情。
一项研究 世界动物保护 75％的野生动物旅游涉及动物虐待。 然而，数百万游客不断访问野生动物景点，但不知道他们支持动物残忍。 用于娱乐的野生动物通常从他们的自然栖息地强制进行，通常从他们的母亲身上获取，然后以可想到的最可怕的方式进行殴打和训练。 可悲的是，它特别是受害最大的更大，更聪明的动物。
- 世界动物保护 -
一个可悲的例子是骑大象。 可悲的是，我不得不承认，我曾经在泰国普吉岛以外的地方骑过自己，不知道实际发生了什么。 乍看之下，这些动物似乎被照顾得很好，但实际情况却大相径庭。 当你仔细观察时，你会发现大象头部有小疤痕，用金属钩做成。 年轻的大象在野外被捕。 他们更容易训练，并使他们听话。 一场名为“暗恋”的仪式将进行，这是一个残酷的训练过程，涉及痛苦的束缚，殴打等等。 大象被剥夺了睡眠，食物和水。 所有的“训练”只有一个目的：动物精神的心理崩溃。 只有这样，才能将强壮而危险的动物交给所谓的教练。
除了大象游乐设施之外，不幸的是还有许多其他种类的残酷。 我亲眼目睹了泰国大象的滥用情况，但是当你睁开眼睛时，它在世界各地都可以找到。 我在我居住的国家见过它。 在准备我们在巴厘岛的假期时，我们在列出需要去的地方找到它。 巴厘岛的一些“必做之事”是动物虐待的简单例子，就此而言，我写这篇文章的动机是。 所以请高度谨慎地选择您访问和支持的地方！ 当你访问这些地方时，你的钱支持虐待动物。
Many bird, pet and animal markets operate outside the law. They trade in stolen pets and protected species that are removed from their natural habitat. These animals are often not vaccinated and crowded into unhygienic cages, which are breeding grounds for diseases. Conditions are often terrible. If you buy an animal from one of these markets, you will not save it, because it will soon be replaced by a new animal. Buying an animal on a pet market will encourages the growth and the sales of these markets and the animal suffering involved.
Animals such as monkeys and snakes are used to entertain crowds. These animals are often kept in very poor conditions and are forced to perform. They are usually trained through punishment, and have spent most of their days chained and caged when not on the streets. They suffer intense physical and psychological trauma. If you observe a performing animal, please do not pay the keeper for the performance or a photograph.
Horse riding treks and horse carriages are widely available around the world. Please be sure that horses are always well fed and kept in good condition with adequate space, food or water at the time. Most of these animals work long hours every day hauling heavy carts in hot and humid conditions. Many horses constantly stand on concrete, and therefore suffer from split hooves, dehydration and exhaustion.
Sometimes restaurants or similar businesses keep animals as tourist attractions. Other restaurants sell ‘specialty’ foods such as snake blood drinks, dog meat and shark fin dishes, all produced by the inhumane treatment of animals. Shark finning for example is contributing to the extermination of the species. If you see this, or any other animal abuse, please contact an animal welfare organization!
Dolphins in Captivity
The captive marine mammal industry is big business and is driven by people’s desire to see these amazing and iconic animals up close and to swim or interact with them. However, life in captivity is totally unsuitable for these animals and wild populations are threatened by it. Please help spread the word about the cruelty of this horrific tourist-driven industry by not taking part on these activities. If you really would like to interact or be closer to your favourite animals, read our post 10无惨暴的野生动物邂逅.
Some exotic countries are surrounded by beautiful reefs and extraordinary marine life. Diving, snorkeling and boat expeditions are popular. However, marine tourism can be very destructive to ocean life. Boats can pollute the water environment with fuel, litter and chemicals. We all know by know how bad plastic is for our oceans… Anchoring needs to be done carefully, not to damage the fragile corals that are the base of a whole underwater ecosystem. Please ONLY choose responsible tour operators and always enter water at a good depth so you don’t damage coral. In the water, take care not to touch anything or disturb natural habitats.
Tiger selfies and walking with lions
These animals can not be approached in the wild.. They are dangerous, and would make us to be one of their preys, without thinking. It is therefore totally impossible to be so close to these big cats in their natural habitat. In order to make them quiet and approachable, and to ensure that they stay calm, they are often anesthetized with all kinds of chemicals, which are very bad for their health.
Distressing captive conditions resulting in poor health for hundreds of bears held in bear parks, mostly in Japan. Historically, these parks began as centres to care for orphaned cubs, but they found the young bears to be popular with the public. It resulted in breeding the animals, providing a regular supply of cubs for what was a profitable enterprise. This program rapidly got out of control, and today the bears live in poor quality environments in rows of simple, stark, concrete “pits.” Today a number of these bear parks continue to exist, mostly as tourism-oriented leisure facilities.
Kopi Luwak (Civet Coffee)
Kopi Luwak is ‘civet coffee’. Civets (or ‘Luwak’ in Indonesia) are small, nocturnal mammals, native to Bali and other parts of Asia. The coffee (‘kopi’) they help to create – by eating and excreting coffee beans which are then collected and cleaned – has become increasingly popular. Sadly, this also encourages the cruel trade and farming of these beautiful animals. Today it is increasingly difficult to find genuine wild-sourced Kopi Luwak. There are some ethical suppliers but it’s much easier to capture the civets, keeping them in small cages and feed them almost nothing but coffee berries. We urge people to buy products that are 100% wild–sourced and to do research beyond what is on the label.
Zoos and Animal Parks
Zoos, safari parks, marine parks and bird parks around the world or not always equally devoted to animal welfare. Some parks buy animals solely to attract tourists and understand and care little for the animals’ needs and welfare. Always pay attention to how the animals are fed an treated.
Always check what material your souvenirs are made from, and how they have been produced. Cow bone carvings, ivory, dead corals and wood can all have had a negative impact on animals, wildlife and ecosystems.
Any organized blood sports, involving animals, such as dog, cock and bull fighting, result in animal suffering. Often defended as ‘culturally significant’ or ‘part of local tradition’, these fights brings the painful death of hundreds of thousands of animals each year. Never visit any of these criminal practices, no matter if they are officially organized or not.
Snake charmers, crocodile farms, dancing monkeys and more
It is difficult to sum up all the different kinds of animal abuse around the world, but when you use your common sense, it is not difficult to perceive animal abuse. Always keep your eyes open, and keep in mind that wild animals are ONLY meant to live their life in the wild, away from humans.
How to Separate the Good from the Bad?
There is however a part of the wildlife tourism, that is contributing to animal welfare, and an increasing number of tourism companies are making efforts to turn against animal cruelty. Responsible tour operators can help protect local wildlife and preserve their natural habitat. Besides educating locals and tourists on the importance of protecting wild animals, they can also provide local communities with a vital source of income.
Separating the good from the bad is however important, and also very difficult. Many companies will attract visitors by claiming that animal welfare is their priority, when in reality this is just a sales tactic. It is in fact very difficult to tell who you can trust and who not to. Because there is no globally accepted code for wildlife tourism, every venue or tour operator can claim their animals are happy and taken good care of.
Responsible Wildlife Tourism Companies
On your next trip, before participating in a wildlife tour, make sure it meets the following criteria. Responsible wildlife tour operators and sanctuaries will never:
- allow direct contact between wild animals and people. This includes riding, petting, holding, or washing an animal. The only exception is if an animal is being cared for by a trained professional.
- interfere with wildlife in its natural habitat. Shouting or doing something to attract its attention for example.
- restrain wild animals with chains or leashes.
- deprive a wild animal of basic needs! Sanctuaries must provide enough food, water, shelter, and care. Animals should have sufficient room to live, play, and hide in an area mimicking its natural habitat.
- remove healthy animals from the wild or makes profit from breeding or trading. Responsible sanctuaries are non-profit organizations that rescue, rehabilitate and release wild animals. The limited funds they receive only support the costs of their caretaking.
- use wild animals for entertainment purposes. Performing tricks or any other kind of unnatural behaviour.
Another way to tell if a responsible wildlife program is genuine, is when it is verified by a third party, such as 世界动物保护, World Wildlife Fund (WWF), Global Federation of Animal Sanctuaries (GFAS) or World Animal Sanctuary Protection (WASP).
Spread the Word
If you really care about the well being of animals, try to spread awareness and encourage other people to stop supporting businesses that harm animals. If people are aware of the negative implications, they are less likely to participate. I actually believe that people are often unintentionally supporting the abuse because of not realizing what is actually happening.
Report Animal Cruelty
If you suspect animals are being abused or neglected, donXCHARXt hesitate to do something about it! Report it to the local authorities or to an animal welfare organization (like the ones mentioned above for example). Use the internet to find an animal welfare organization to help you! For example in Bali, contact BAWA on 0811-389-004 or email email@example.com.
This may not be the most fun article I wrote, but hopefully it will be the one with the most positive impact. If you want to see some wild animals up close, and you want to be sure it is responsible, read our post “10无惨暴的野生动物邂逅“. And if you have any other ideas or tips that I might forgot about, let it know in the comments below.