Travel Information Colombia
Find more information below on Colombia, South America, such as general information, currency, safety and more.
- FLAG 🇨🇴
- CAPITAL Bogotá
- GOVERNMENT Republic
- CURRENCY Colombian Peso (COP)
- POPULATION 45,393,050 (March 2010 estimate)
- TOTAL AREA 1,138,910km² (water: 100,210km² land: 1,038,700km²)
- LANGUAGES Spanish (official), indigenous native languages
- DECIMAL SYSTEM Colombia uses metric system (kilograms, centimeters, °C)
- TIME ZONE Time zone is UTC-05:00
- LOCATION located in South America.
Most popular cities in Colombia
- Bogotá — the capital, a cosmopolitan city two miles high, with some twelve million people sprawling outwards from Andean mountains, where you’ll find excellent museums, world-class dining, and most everything one wants from a big city.
- Cali — Colombia’s third largest city, renowned as the salsa capital of Latin America.
- Cartagena — the Heroic City, Capital of the Bolívar department is Colombia’s tourist city par excellence. The colonial architecture and the skyscrapers can be seen together in this city that offers a unique experience of festivals, historic attractions, restaurants, and hotels.
- Medellín — the City of Eternal Spring and capital of the Antioquia department is famous for having a large textile industry, which produces top quality clothing that is sent all over the world. It’s also the birthplace of master painter Fernando Botero, therefore it houses the great majority of his works. It was the city where kingpin drug lord Pablo Escobar used to rule.
- Barranquilla — the Gold Port and fourth largest city in the nation isn’t necessarily that exciting most of the year, but its Carnival is the second biggest in the world after Rio’s, and is both an amazing cultural experience and one heck of a party! The city is also the hometown of Colombian superstar Shakira.
- Manizales — the center of the Zona Cafetera offers the opportunity to visit Los Nevados National Park and to live the coffee plantation experience.
- Pereira — the lovely City, capital of the Risaralda department and major city of the coffee region, important and modern city, commercial and touristic. The famous “naked Bolívar” and Matecaña Zoo. Very near to Santa Rosa hot water springs and the National Park of “Los Nevados”.
- Popayán — this beautiful, white-washed city is Colombia’s religious center. Home to the second largest Easter festival in the world (after Seville, Spain), this town has contributed more Colombian presidents than any other. Bordered by the Puracé National Park and gateway to the archeological sites of San Agustín and Tierra Dentro in nearby Huilla.
- Santa Marta — a popular base for adventure tourism in the beautiful areas surrounding, and unique in the sense that it offers you beautiful beaches one day, and the next one a walk to the foothill of a snowy mountain, the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, the highest in the country.
Sockets & Plugs in Colombia
110V, 60Hz with sockets and plugs Type A and Type B.
Colombia uses the Colombian peso (symbol: $), code COP.
Banknotes come in denominations of 100000, 50000, 20000, 10000, 5000, 2000 and 1000 peso. Peso is subdivided into 100 centavos. Coins come in denominations of 1000, 500, 200, 100, 50 and 20 peso.
Automatic teller machines are common in Colombia. You can usually find them in both large & small cities. You don’t need a chip and PIN card to use an ATM: your standard magnetic card will work fine.
Not expected, but can leave extra tip
Tipping is usually not expected in Colombia. However, if you are satisfied with the service provided you can show your appreciation by leaving a small ‘extra’ tip. Receipts usually include a service charge. If there is a service charge there is no need to tip.
Internet speed in Colombia is on average 4.5 Mbps.
WiFi coverage in Colombia is moderate. It’s relatively easy to find one when needed.
You can buy a SIM card for about 40,741.46 COP, which includes 1 GB of data plan. You can choose from 3 telecoms: Claro, Movistar or Tigo.
Colombia uses GSM mobile networks GSM 1900 and GSM 850.
If you don’t want to buy SIM card in Colombia upon arrival, make sure to check the roaming charges with your telecom provider before your departure so there are no surprises when you return home.
To call Colombia, dial +, then 57 (the country code for Colombia), then the area code (without the initial 0) and the local number.
Moderate crime rate
Colombia has a moderate crime rate . Take precautions to avoid mugging, bag snatching and pickpocketing. Be particularly vigilant at airports, railway stations and crowded public gatherings. Do not leave valuables unattended.
It’s recommended to follow security precautions like wearing a money belt, leaving valuables in your hotel room safe or well out of sight, securing your bag, staying vigilant in crowds and steering clear of commotions.
In Colombia you drive on the right side. Most cars have manual transmission (stick).
Unless otherwise posted, the speed limits for cars and motorcycles are as follows: 30-60 km/h (18-37 mph) in all built-up areas, 80-90 km/h (49-55 mph) on undivided highways, 90-100 km/h (55-62 mph) on motorways and 90-100 km/h (55-62 mph) on expressways.
An IDP is required
An International Driving Permit (IDP) is required as well as your original license. IDP can be issued by your local automobile association before you leave your home country.
Rent a car
In order to rent a car:
- your age must be over 25
- you must have a full license for at least a 1 year
- have a credit card (Usually Visa & MasterCard are the best)
Alcohol, drugs & prostitution
Minimum age to purchase and drink alcohol is 18 years old.
Prostitution is legal (in a way of exchanging sex for money). Brothels are legal.
Although drugs are illegal, cannabis (marijuana) is completely legal for personal use in small amounts.
- Police 123
- Ambulance 123
- Fire department 123
- Police 112
- Ambulance 125
- Fire 119
- Anti-kidnapping hotline 165
No vaccinations are required to enter this country
No vaccinations are required to enter this country. The vaccinations listed for this country are recommended for the traveler’s protection.
- Typhoid fever
- Yellow Fever
- Hepatitis A
These apply only to select travelers or persons on work assignments.
- Hepatitis B
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SOURCE & MORE INFORMATION: thebasetrip.com