Travel Information Australia
- FLAG 🇦🇺
- CAPITAL Canberra
- GOVERNMENT Parliamentary Democracy (Federal Constitutional Monarchy)
- CURRENCY Australian dollar ($, AUD)
- POPULATION 22,681,261 (2011 Census)
- TOTAL AREA 7,741,220km² (water: 58,920km² land: 7,682,300km²)
- LANGUAGES English (spoken by everyone), numerous other languages spoken. Aboriginal Australian languages still spoken in some Aboriginal communities.
- DECIMAL SYSTEM Australia uses metric system (kilograms, centimeters, °C)
- TIME ZONE Time zone is from UTC+08:00 to UTC+10:30 with daylight saving time
- LOCATION Australia is located in Australia and New Zealand
Most popular cities in Australia
- Canberra — the purpose-built national capital of Australia
- Adelaide — the wine capitol of the world, a relaxed South Australian alternative to the big eastern cities
- Brisbane — capital of sun-drenched Queensland and gateway to beautiful sandy beaches
- Cairns — gateway to the Great Barrier Reef, Port Douglas, Daintree National Park, and many beautiful beaches and resorts; a great place for people to getaway to and relax
- Darwin — Australia’s tropical northern capital, at the top end of the Northern Territory
- Hobart — picturesque and quiet capital of Tasmania, the site of the second convict settlement in Australia
- Melbourne — Australia’s second largest city, Melbourne is a large sporting, shopping and cultural capital; it is regarded as Australia’s most European city in style
- Perth — the most remote continental capital city on Earth, on the south-western edge of Western Australia
- Sydney — Australia’s oldest and largest city, famous for its picturesque harbour
Sockets & Plugs
Australia uses 230V, 50Hz with socket and plug Type I.
Australia uses the Australian dollar (symbol: $), code AUD.
Banknotes come in denominations of 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 dollar. Dollar is subdivided into 100 cents. Coins come in denominations of 2 and 1 dollars and 50, 20, 10 and 5 cent.
Credit & debit cards
Credit cards are widely accepted within Australia (at hotels, shops, and restaurants, travel agencies, car-rental agencies etc.). Visa, MasterCard and Maestro are the most widely accepted. American Express is less common. Diners Club is pretty rare. Discover, JCB, UnionPay and RuPay are unknown.
Automatic teller machines are everywhere in Australia. Pretty much anywhere you look there will be an ATM. Australia has one of the highest ATM densities in the world.
You do not need a chip & PIN card to use an ATM — your standard magnetic card will work fine.
Not expected, but you can leave extra tip
Tipping is usually not expected in Australia. However, if you are satisfied with the service provided you can show your appreciation by leaving a small ‘extra’ tip. Receipts might sometimes include a service charge. If there is a service charge there is no need to tip.
Internet speed in Australia is on average 8.2 Mbps.
WiFi coverage in Australia is very high. Most hotels, hostels, cafes, restaurants and bars have it.
You can buy a SIM card for about A$28.14, which includes 1 GB of data plan. You can choose from 4 telecoms: Virgin Mobile, Telstra, Optus or Vodafone.
Australia uses GSM mobile networks GSM 1800 and GSM 900.
If you don’t want to buy SIM card in Australia upon arrival, make sure to check the roaming charges with your telecom provider before your departure so there are no surprises when you return home.
To call Australia, dial +, then 61 (the country code for Australia), then the area code (without the initial 0) and the local number.
Moderate crime rate
Australia has a moderate crime rate . Take precautions to avoid mugging, bag snatching and pickpocketing. Be particularly vigilant at airports, railway stations and crowded public gatherings. Do not leave valuables unattended.
Australia has a moderate crime rate . Take precautions to avoid mugging, bag snatching and pickpocketing. Be particularly vigilant at airports, railway stations and crowded public gatherings. Do not leave valuables unat It’s recommended to follow security precautions like wearing a money belt, leaving valuables in your hotel room safe or well out of sight, securing your bag, staying vigilant in crowds and steering clear of commotions. ended.
In Australia you drive on the left side. Most cars have automatic transmission.
Unless otherwise posted, the speed limits for cars and motorcycles are as follows: 100 km/h (62 mph) on undivided highways, 100-110 km/h (62-68 mph) on expressways, 100-110 km/h (62-68 mph) on motorways and 50-60 km/h (31-37 mph) in all built-up areas.
IDP is required
An International Driving Permit (IDP) is required alongside your original license. IDP can be issued by your local automobile association before you leave home.
Rent a car
In order to rent a car:
- you must be over 25
- must hold a full license for at least a 1 year
- almost always have a credit card (Visa & MasterCard are the best)
Alcohol, drugs & prostitution
Minimum age to purchase and drink alcohol is 18 years old.
Prostitution is legal (in a way of exchanging sex for money). Brothels are illegal.
Cannabis is illegal & criminalized at federal level
Drugs (including cannabis/marijuana) are illegal & criminalized which means you are risking jail time with other penalties (fine, community service, rehabilitation) if you are caught.
Cannabis is illegal, but decriminalized for personal use in states of New South Wales, Queensland and South Australia.
- Police 000
- Ambulance 000
- Fire department 000
- Mobile phones 112 or 000
- State Emergency Service 132 500
- National relay service 106
- Non-emergency police 131 444
- Crime Stoppers 1 800 333 000
- Threats to national security 1 800 123 400
Vaccinations listed are recommended
The following vaccinations listed for this country are recommended for your protection and to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.
- Yellow Fever
These apply only to select travelers or persons on work assignments.
- Hepatitis B
- Japanese Encephalitis
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SOURCE & MORE INFORMATION: thebasetrip.com