COUNTRIES OF THE WORLD : AUSTRALIA

Countries_Of_The_World_Featured_Image_AUSTRALIA

Travel Information Australia


PACIFIC

 

Countries-Of-The-World-Map-Australia

General Information

  • FLAG 🇦🇺
  • CAPITAL Canberra
  • GOVERNMENT Parliamentary Democracy (Federal Constitutional Monarchy)
  • CURRENCY Australian dollar ($, AUD)
  • POPULATION 22,681,261 (2011 Census) 
  • TOTAL AREA 7,741,220km² (water: 58,920km² land: 7,682,300km²)
  • LANGUAGES English (spoken by everyone), numerous other languages spoken. Aboriginal Australian languages still spoken in some Aboriginal communities.
  • DECIMAL SYSTEM Australia uses metric system (kilograms, centimeters, °C)
  • TIME ZONE Time zone is from UTC+08:00 to UTC+10:30 with daylight saving time
  • LOCATION Australia is located in Australia and New Zealand

Most popular cities in Australia

  • Canberra — the purpose-built national capital of Australia
  • Adelaide — the wine capitol of the world, a relaxed South Australian alternative to the big eastern cities
  • Brisbane — capital of sun-drenched Queensland and gateway to beautiful sandy beaches
  • Cairns — gateway to the Great Barrier Reef, Port Douglas, Daintree National Park, and many beautiful beaches and resorts; a great place for people to getaway to and relax
  • Darwin — Australia’s tropical northern capital, at the top end of the Northern Territory
  • Hobart — picturesque and quiet capital of Tasmania, the site of the second convict settlement in Australia
  • Melbourne — Australia’s second largest city, Melbourne is a large sporting, shopping and cultural capital; it is regarded as Australia’s most European city in style
  • Perth — the most remote continental capital city on Earth, on the south-western edge of Western Australia
  • Sydney — Australia’s oldest and largest city, famous for its picturesque harbour

Sockets & Plugs

Australia uses 230V, 50Hz with socket and plug Type I.

Sockets & Plugs Australia

Money

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Currency

Australia uses the Australian dollar (symbol: $), code AUD.

Banknotes come in denominations of 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 dollar. Dollar is subdivided into 100 cents. Coins come in denominations of 2 and 1 dollars and 50, 20, 10 and 5 cent.

Credit & debit cards

Widely accepted

Credit cards are widely accepted within Australia (at hotels, shops, and restaurants, travel agencies, car-rental agencies etc.). Visa, MasterCard and Maestro are the most widely accepted. American Express is less common. Diners Club is pretty rare. Discover, JCB, UnionPay and RuPay are unknown.

ATM’S

Available everywhere

Automatic teller machines are everywhere in Australia. Pretty much anywhere you look there will be an ATM. Australia has one of the highest ATM densities in the world.

You do not need a chip & PIN card to use an ATM — your standard magnetic card will work fine.

Tipping

Not expected, but you can leave extra tip

Tipping is usually not expected in Australia. However, if you are satisfied with the service provided you can show your appreciation by leaving a small ‘extra’ tip. Receipts might sometimes include a service charge. If there is a service charge there is no need to tip.

Communication

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Internet

Internet speed in Australia is on average 8.2 Mbps.

WiFi coverage in Australia is very high. Most hotels, hostels, cafes, restaurants and bars have it.

Mobile phone

You can buy a SIM card for about A$28.14, which includes 1 GB of data plan. You can choose from 4 telecoms: Virgin Mobile, Telstra, Optus or Vodafone.

Mobile phones

Australia uses GSM mobile networks GSM 1800 and GSM 900.

Roaming

If you don’t want to buy SIM card in Australia upon arrival, make sure to check the roaming charges with your telecom provider before your departure so there are no surprises when you return home.

Dial code

+61

To call Australia, dial +, then 61 (the country code for Australia), then the area code (without the initial 0) and the local number.

Crime

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Moderate crime rate

Australia has a moderate crime rate . Take precautions to avoid mugging, bag snatching and pickpocketing. Be particularly vigilant at airports, railway stations and crowded public gatherings. Do not leave valuables unattended.

Pickpocketing/theft

Australia has a moderate crime rate . Take precautions to avoid mugging, bag snatching and pickpocketing. Be particularly vigilant at airports, railway stations and crowded public gatherings. Do not leave valuables unat It’s recommended to follow security precautions like wearing a money belt, leaving valuables in your hotel room safe or well out of sight, securing your bag, staying vigilant in crowds and steering clear of commotions. ended.

Transport

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Road rules

In Australia you drive on the left side. Most cars have automatic transmission.

Speed limits

Unless otherwise posted, the speed limits for cars and motorcycles are as follows: 100 km/h (62 mph) on undivided highways, 100-110 km/h (62-68 mph) on expressways, 100-110 km/h (62-68 mph) on motorways and 50-60 km/h (31-37 mph) in all built-up areas.

Driving license

IDP is required

An International Driving Permit (IDP) is required alongside your original license. IDP can be issued by your local automobile association before you leave home.

Rent a car

In order to rent a car:

  • you must be over 25
  • must hold a full license for at least a 1 year
  • almost always have a credit card (Visa & MasterCard are the best)

Alcohol, drugs & prostitution

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Alcohol

Legal

Minimum age to purchase and drink alcohol is 18 years old.

Prostitution

Legal

Prostitution is legal (in a way of exchanging sex for money). Brothels are illegal.

Drugs

Cannabis is illegal & criminalized at federal level

Federal level

Drugs (including cannabis/marijuana) are illegal & criminalized which means you are risking jail time with other penalties (fine, community service, rehabilitation) if you are caught.

State level

Cannabis is illegal, but decriminalized for personal use in states of New South Wales, Queensland and South Australia.

Other

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Emergency numbers

  • Police 000
  • Ambulance 000
  • Fire department 000
  • Mobile phones 112 or 000
  • State Emergency Service 132 500
  • National relay service 106
  • Non-emergency police 131 444
  • Crime Stoppers 1 800 333 000
  • Threats to national security 1 800 123 400

Vaccinations

Vaccinations listed are recommended

The following vaccinations listed for this country are recommended for your protection and to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.

  • Yellow Fever

These apply only to select travelers or persons on work assignments.

  • Hepatitis B
  • Japanese Encephalitis

IF YOU SEE ANY INCORRECT INFORMATION, OR IF YOU WANT TO ADD SOMETHING, SEND US A MAIL.

SOURCE & MORE INFORMATION: thebasetrip.com

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