Travel Information Canada
- FLAG 🇨🇦
- CAPITAL Ottawa
- GOVERNMENT Federal parliamentary democracy
- CURRENCY Canadian dollar ($, CAD)
- POPULATION 35,540,419(2014 est.)
- TOTAL AREA 9,984,670km² (water: 891,163km² land: 9,093,507km²)
- LANGUAGES Official: English and French (recognized at territorial levels: Inuktitut, Inuinnaqtun, Chipewyan, Cree, Gwich’in, Inuinnaqtun, Inuktitut, Inuvialuktun, North Slavey, South Slavey, Tłı̨chǫ, +66 other indigenous languages)
- DECIMAL SYSTEM Canada uses metric system (kilograms, centimeters, °C)
- TIME ZONE Time zone is from UTC-08:00 to UTC-03:30 with daylight saving time
- LOCATION Canada is located in Northern America
Most popular cities in Canada
- Ottawa – Sitting in Eastern Ontario with a view of Quebec across the river, Ottawa is the national capital of Canada.
- Calgary – Confident and modern, Calgary is booming like nowhere else in Canada currently. Every summer, it plays host to the Calgary Stampede, a near city-wide celebration of Calgary’s ranching heritage.
- Halifax – home to the second largest natural harbour in the world, Halifax is rich in history with architecture dating back to colonial times. The city is very compact and walkable, meaning most amenities are just a short walk away.
- Montreal – Once Canada’s largest metropolis, Montreal can still pack a serious punch as one of the most unique cities in North America. It is the cultural heart of Canada’s francophone culture, and the city’s multilingualism is one of its defining aspects.
- Quebec City – Quebec’s capital city, which is well known for its quaint Old City, it’s grand winter festival, and gorgeous architecture, such as the Chateau Frontenac.
- Toronto – As the largest city in Canada, Toronto is economic and cultural capital of Canada (particularly Anglophone Canada). Toronto prides itself on its diversity and is famous for landmarks like the CN Tower.
- Vancouver – A city unto urbanism itself, Vancouver is clean, modern, and efficient. Owing in part to its mild climate (that never gets too cold or too hot), the city has a strong outdoorsy streak in it. Vancouver is a city where you can hit the beach and the ski slopes in the same day.
- Whitehorse – Midpoint of the Alaska Highway, gateway to the outdoor activities of Canada’s far north.
- Winnipeg – Formerly known as the “Bulls Eye of the Dominion”, this city has a rich mixture of culture, including Metis and French-Canadian.
Sockets & Plugs
Canada uses 120V, 60Hz with sockets and plugs Type A and Type B.
Canada uses the Canadian dollar (symbol: $), code CAD.
Banknotes come in denominations of 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 dollar. Dollar is subdivided into 100 cents. Coins come in denominations of 2 and 1 dollars and 50, 25, 10 and 5 cent.
Automatic teller machines are everywhere in Canada. Pretty much anywhere you look there will be an ATM. Canada has one of the highest ATM densities in the world.
You do not need a chip & PIN card to use an ATM — your standard magnetic card will work fine.
Expected to tip
Tipping is quite common in Canada and it’s good etiquette to leave one. How much money you leave depends on the service and how happy you were with it.
Internet speed in Canada is on average 13.1 Mbps.
WiFi coverage in Canada is very high. Most hotels, hostels, cafes, restaurants and bars have it.
You can buy a SIM card for about C$49.56, which includes 5 GB of data plan. You can choose from 4 telecoms: Bell Wireless, Rogers Wireless, Wind or Telus.
Canada uses GSM mobile networks GSM 850 and GSM 1900.
If you don’t want to buy SIM card in Canada upon arrival, make sure to check the roaming charges with your telecom provider before your departure so there are no surprises when you return home.
To call Canada, dial +, then 1 (the country code for Canada), then the area code (without the initial 1) and the local number.
Low crime rate
Canada has a low crime rate . It is a generally a safe place to live and travel. Exercise normal security precautions.
It’s recommended to follow essential security precautions like wearing a money belt, securing your bag and staying vigilant in crowds.
In Canada you drive on the right side. Most cars have automatic transmission.
Unless otherwise posted, the speed limits for cars and motorcycles are as follows: 30-80 km/h (18-49 mph) in all built-up areas, 60-100 km/h (37-62 mph) on undivided highways, 70-120 km/h (43-74 mph) on expressways and 70-120 km/h (43-74 mph) on motorways.
IDP is required
An International Driving Permit (IDP) is required alongside your original license. IDP can be issued by your local automobile association before you leave home.
Rent a car
In order to rent a car:
- you must be over 25
- must hold a full license for at least a 1 year
- almost always have a credit card (Visa & MasterCard are the best)
Alcohol, drugs & prostitution
Although it is legal to purchase or drink alcohol, minimum age requirements still differ across regions. Minimum age to purchase and drink alcohol is 18-19 years old.
Semi-legal (only offering services)
Even though prostitution is strictly speaking legal, consuming it is not – meaning that if you get caught using the services of a prostitute, you will be fined as a client, not a prostitute herself. Brothels are illegal.
Cannabis is illegal & criminalized
Drugs (including cannabis/marijuana) are illegal & criminalized which means you are risking jail time with other penalties (fine, community service, rehabilitation) if you are caught.
- Police 911
- Ambulance 911
- Fire department 911
- Non-emergency 311 (some areas only)
No vaccinations are required to enter this country
No vaccinations are required to enter the country, but it is recommended to perform routine immunizations for your protection and to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.
These apply only to select travelers or persons on work assignments.
- Hepatitis B
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