Travel Information India
- FLAG 🇮🇳
- CAPITAL Delhi
- GOVERNMENT Federal Parliamentary Republic
- CURRENCY Indian Rupee (₹, INR)
- POPULATION 1,210,193,422 (provisional total as per 2011 census)
- TOTAL AREA total: 3,287,263km² water: 314,070km² land: 2,973,193km²
- LANGUAGES Hindi, English and 21 other official languages
- DECIMAL SYSTEM India uses metric system (kilograms, centimeters, °C)
- TIME ZONE Time zone is UTC+05:30
- LOCATION India is located in Southern Asia
Most popular cities in India
- Delhi — The Capital of India,seat of the Federal Government, numerous historic monuments,markets, industrial hub and major gateway to rest of Northern India. If this is your first trip to India, and you think about flying to Delhi, please read the city article carefully.
- Bangalore — The garden city, once the sleepy home of pensioners now transformed into Silicon Valley with all major of software companies establishing their offices in the city and major aviation/rail hub for South Central India.
- Chennai (formerly Madras) — Main port in Southern India, cradle of Carnatic Music,Bharatanatyam and Indian Tamil Film Industry, home of the famous Marina beach, Automobile Capital of India and a fast emerging IT hub.
- Jaipur — the Pink City is a major exhibit of the Hindu Rajput culture of medieval Northern India.
- Kochi (formerly Cochin) — the Queen of Arabian Sea, historically, a centre of international trade, now the gateway to the sandy beaches and backwaters.
- Kolkata (formerly Calcutta) — The Erstwhile Capital of British India till 1911, now gateway/hub to Eastern/North Eastern India,home to numerous colonial relics, eclectic culture, street food, Indian Bengali Film Industry,Oscar Winners and Nobel Laureates, has earned the sobriquets of City of Joy,Cultural Capital of India
- Mumbai (formerly Bombay) — The financial capital of India, housing most of the Indian/Multi National Corporations, major port, “Bollywood” (Indian Hindi Film Industry).
- Shimla — the former summer capital of British India located in the Himalayan foothills with a large legacy of Victorian architecture.
- Varanasi — considered the most sacred Hindu city, located on the banks of the Ganges, one of the oldest continually inhabited cities of the world.
Sockets & Plugs
India uses 230V, 50Hz with sockets and plugs Type C, Type D and Type M.
India uses the Indian rupee (symbol: ₹), code INR.
Banknotes come in denominations of 1000, 500, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5 rupee. Rupee is subdivided into 100 paisas. Coins come in denominations of 10, 5, 2 and 1 rupees.
Automatic teller machines are rare in India. Your best bet is to look for them in large cities and community places.
You do not need a chip & PIN card to use an ATM — your standard magnetic card will work fine.
Not expected, but you can leave an extra tip
Tipping is usually not expected in India. However, if you are satisfied with the service provided you can show your appreciation by leaving a small ‘extra’ tip. Receipts usually include a service charge. If there is a service charge there is no need to tip.
Internet speed in India is on average 2.8 Mbps.
WiFi coverage in India is very low. It’s quite hard to find one.
You can buy a SIM card for about 261.41 INR, which includes 1 GB of data plan. You can choose from 4 telecoms: Airtel, Reliance Communications, Idea Cellular or Vodafone.
India uses GSM mobile networks GSM 1800 and GSM 900.
If you don’t want to buy SIM card in India upon arrival, make sure to check the roaming charges with your telecom provider before your departure so there are no surprises when you return home.
To call India, dial +, then 91 (the country code for India), then the area code (without the initial 0) and the local number.
Moderate crime rate
India has a moderate crime rate . Take precautions to avoid mugging, bag snatching and pickpocketing. Be particularly vigilant at airports, railway stations and crowded public gatherings. Do not leave valuables unattended.
It’s recommended to follow security precautions like wearing a money belt, leaving valuables in your hotel room safe or well out of sight, securing your bag, staying vigilant in crowds and steering clear of commotions.
In India you drive on the left side. Most cars have manual transmission (stick).
Unless otherwise posted, the speed limits for cars and motorcycles are as follows: 50-70 km/h (31-43 mph) in all built-up areas, 80 km/h (49 mph) on undivided highways, 80-120 km/h (49-74 mph) on motorways and 80-120 km/h (49-74 mph) on expressways.
IDP is required
An International Driving Permit (IDP) is required alongside your original license. IDP can be issued by your local automobile association before you leave home.
Rent a car
In order to rent a car:
- you must be over 25
- must hold a full license for at least a 1 year
- almost always have a credit card (Visa & MasterCard are the best)
Alcohol, drugs & prostitution
Legality varies across regions
Legality of purchasing or drinking alcohol varies across regions so the following applies only where alcohol is legal. Minimum age to purchase and drink alcohol is 18-25 years old.
Prostitution is legal (in a way of exchanging sex for money). Brothels are illegal.
Cannabis is illegal & criminalized
Drugs (including cannabis/marijuana) are illegal & criminalized which means you are risking jail time with other penalties (fine, community service, rehabilitation) if you are caught.
- Police 100
- Ambulance 102
- Fire department 101
Vaccinations listed are recommended
The following vaccinations listed for this country are recommended for your protection and to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.
- Typhoid fever
- Yellow Fever
- Hepatitis A
These apply only to select travelers or persons on work assignments.
- Hepatitis B
- Japanese Encephalitis
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SOURCE & MORE INFORMATION: thebasetrip.com