Travel Information China
- FLAG 🇨🇳
- CAPITAL Beijing
- GOVERNMENT single party oligarchy
- CURRENCY yuan (¥, CNY)
- POPULATION 1,357,380,000 (2013 estimate)
- TOTAL AREA 9,596,960km²
- LANGUAGES Mandarin (Putonghua) recognized regionally: Wu (Shanghaiese), Cantonese (Yue), Mindong (Fuzhou), Minnan (Hokkien-Taiwanese), Xiang, Gan, Hakka dialects, minority languages
- DECIMAL SYSTEM China uses metric system (kilograms, centimeters, °C)
- TIME ZONE Time zone is UTC+08:00
- LOCATION China is located in Eastern Asia
Most popular cities in China
- Beijing (北京) — the capital and cultural centre
- Guangzhou (广州) — one of the most prosperous and liberal cities in the south, near Hong Kong
- Guilin (桂林) — popular destination for both Chinese and foreign tourists with sensational mountain and river scenery
- Hangzhou (杭州) — famously beautiful city and major centre for the silk industry
- Kunming (昆明) — capital of Yunnan and gateway to a rainbow of ethnic minority areas
- Nanjing (南京) — a renowned historical and cultural city with many historic sites
- Shanghai (上海) — famous for its riverside cityscape, China’s largest city is a major commercial center with many shopping opportunities
- Suzhou (苏州) — “Venice of the East,” an ancient city famous for canals and gardens just west of Shanghai
- Xi’an (西安) — the oldest city and ancient capital of China, home to ten dynasties including the Han and the Tang, terminus of the ancient Silk Road, and home of the terracotta warriors
- Yangzhou (扬州) — “Epitome of China” with a history of over 2,500 years, Marco Polo served as the city’s governor for three years in the late 13th century.
Sockets & Plugs
China uses 220V, 50Hz with sockets and plugs Type A, Type C and Type I.
China uses the Chinese yuan (symbol: ¥), code CNY.
Banknotes come in denominations of 100, 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 yuans and 50, 20 and 10 fen. Yuan is subdivided into 100 fens. Coins come in denominations of 1 yuans and 50, 10, 5, 2 and 1 fens.
Credit & debit cards
Accepted only within large businesses
Credit cards are only accepted within China from large businesses & hotels. Visa, MasterCard, Maestro and UnionPay are the most widely accepted. Discover and American Express are less common. Diners Club is pretty rare. JCB and RuPay are unknown.
Note that even if you have appropriate card type, international credit cards (issued outside China) have low acceptance within merchants.
Automatic teller machines are common in China. You can usually find them in both large & small cities.
You do not need a chip & PIN card to use an ATM — your standard magnetic card will work fine.
Do not tip
Almost no one in China asks for tips. It is not expected nor obligatory to give a tip. Receipts might sometimes include a service charge.
Internet speed in China is on average 4.1 Mbps.
WiFi coverage in China is low. It is not as easy to find one.
Majority of the websites (including Google, YouTube and Facebook) are blocked in China meaning you will need to use special software called VPN to access those blocked sites.
You can buy a SIM card for about ¥53.59, which includes 1 GB of data plan. You can choose from 3 telecoms: China Mobile, China Telecom or China Unicom.
China uses GSM mobile networks GSM 900 and GSM 1800.
If you don’t want to buy SIM card in China upon arrival, make sure to check the roaming charges with your telecom provider before your departure so there are no surprises when you return home.
To call China, dial +, then 86 (the country code for China), then the area code (without the initial 0) and the local number.
Low crime rate
China has a low crime rate . It is a generally a safe place to live and travel. Exercise normal security precautions.
It’s recommended to follow essential security precautions like wearing a money belt, securing your bag and staying vigilant in crowds.
In China you drive on the right side. Most cars have manual transmission (stick).
Unless otherwise posted, the speed limits for cars and motorcycles are as follows: 100-120 km/h (62-74 mph) on expressways, 100-120 km/h (62-74 mph) on motorways, 30-60 km/h (18-37 mph) in all built-up areas and 60-80 km/h (37-49 mph) on undivided highways.
Turn on red
Right turn on red lights is allowed unless a sign explicitly forbids it.
It is illegal to drive with blood alcohol content higher than 0.02%.
Local China license is required
You cannot drive with an International Driving Permit (IDP) in China. You need a local China license to drive.
Rent a car
In order to rent a car:
- you must be over 25
- must hold a full license for at least a 1 year
- almost always have a credit card (Visa & MasterCard are the best)
Alcohol, drugs & prostitution
Minimum age to purchase and drink alcohol is 18 years old.
Blood-alcohol limit is 0.02% (0.2g per litre of blood) while driving.
Prostitution is illegal (in a way of exchanging sex for money). Brothels are illegal.
Cannabis is illegal & criminalized
Drugs (including cannabis/marijuana) are illegal & criminalized which means you are risking jail time with other penalties (fine, community service, rehabilitation) if you are caught.
- Police 110
- Ambulance 120
- Fire department 119
- Road police 122
- Private ambulance service (Beijing only) 999
Vaccinations listed are recommended
The following vaccinations listed for this country are recommended for your protection and to prevent the spread of infectious diseases.
- Typhoid fever
- Hepatitis A
- Yellow Fever
These apply only to select travelers or persons on work assignments.
- Hepatitis B
- Japanese Encephalitis
- Tick-borne Encephalitis
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SOURCE & MORE INFORMATION: thebasetrip.com